F 82 spin mustang

f 82 spin mustang

  • 1- It was the most successful heavy fighter ever produced
  • North American F Twin Mustang - Wikipedia
  • 9 Top Facts About The F Twin Mustang - Nuclear Companion: A nuclear guide to the cold war
  • This installation was not adopted on later models, the standard "tree" being used instead. The 13th aircraft was experimentally fitted with a center wing mounted pod housing an array of recon cameras, and was assigned to the th Photo Test Squadron, being designated, unofficially, the RFB. Thackermade history when it flew nonstop from Hawaii to New York without refueling, a distance of 5, mi 8, km in 14 hr 32 min.

    It averaged This flight tested the P's range. Mustanh aircraft carried a full internal fuel tank of US gal 2, l; imp galaugmented by four US gal 1, l; imp gal tanks for a total of umstang, US gal 6, l; 1, imp gal. Colonel Thacker forgot to drop three external tanks when their fuel was expended, landing with them in New York. It remains the longest nonstop flight ever made by a propeller-driven fighter, and the fastest such a distance has ever been covered in a piston-engine aircraft.

    The aircraft chosen was an earlier "B" model powered by Rolls-Royce Merlin engines see "Surviving aircraft" below. The Twin Mustang was developed at the end of the prop-driven fighter era and at the dawn of the jet age. Its designed role as a long-range fighter escort was eliminated by the end of World War II.

    With the rapid draw-down of the armed forces after the war, the newly established United States Air Force had little money for new prop-driven aircraft, especially since jets, such as the Messerschmitt Me and other Luftwaffe fighters, had been faster than P Mustangs in the skies of Germany in late The completed airframes minus engines of the P pre-production aircraft already manufactured went into storage, with an uncertain future.

    f 82 spin mustang

    However, during the Soviet Aviation Day display at Tushino Airporta surprise appearance was put in by what looked like three Boeing Bs, followed by a fourth, passenger version, the Tu The first three were examples of the Tupolev Tu-4which was a reverse-engineered B Superfortress, three examples of which mustan known to have been interned in the Soviet Union after having been forced to land there during bombing raids against Japan in WWII.

    Until jet interceptors could be developed and put into service, the Twin Mustangs already built were seen as an interim solution to SAC's fighter escort mission for its strategic bomber force and also as an all-weather air defense interceptor. Early attempts to develop jet-powered all-weather fighters ran into a series of delays.

    The Curtiss-Wright XF Blackhawk was ordered in Mustaangbut it ran into development difficulties and the project was abandoned in October The Northrop P Scorpion had greater promise, but mustang too had teething troubles and was not expected to enter service until at the earliest. Due to the lack of a suitable jet-powered replacement, the wartime Northrop P Black Widow night fighter was forced into this role, and in order musfang fill in the gap until the Scorpion became available, night fighter adaptations mustaang the Twin Mustang were developed and deployed.

    All Ps were then re-designated F The size of the Soviet Union dictated long bombing missions there and back from bases in Europe or Alaska, most of it over Soviet territory. Also the weather, which was bad enough in Western Europe, would make bombing missions exceptionally difficult between October and May.

    With no ,ustang jet fighters to escort the strategic bomber force, muatang 27th FEW was to fly these missions in FEs. The FE had a range of over 1, mi 2, kmwhich meant that with external fuel tanks it could fly from London to Moscow, loiter for 30 minutes over the target, and return, the only American fighter which could do so.

    It also had an operational ceiling of 40, ft 12, mwhere it could stay close to the bombers it was designed to protect. The first production FEs reached the 27th in earlyand almost spon the group was deployed to McChord AFB mistang, Washingtonin June, where its squadrons muxtang on alert on a secondary air defense mission due to heightened tensions over the Berlin Airlift.

    Spin was also believed that the 27th would launch an escort mission, presumably to the Soviet Union, if conflict broke out in Europe. From McChord, the group flew its Twin Mustangs on weather reconnaissance missions over the northwest Pacific, but problems were encountered with their fuel spin. With a reduction in mustang, the 27th returned to its home base in Nebraska during September.

    Four Fs were deployed from McChord to Alaska, where the pilots provided transition training to the th Fighter All Weather Squadron, which used Twin Mustangs in the air defense mission. They remained in Alaska for about 45 days, returning to rejoin the rest of the group at the beginning of November All of its assigned units were to participate in a coordinated flyover.

    Most of the V Air Command's bombers were to participate, along with its only "Long Range" fighter group, the 27th. The weather in Nebraska was horrible, with most airports in the Midwest forced to close on the day of the display. Kearney Air Force Base was hit with a blizzard, and paths were cut through the snow allowing the Fs to take off and rendezvous with the bombers.

    This was seen as proof of the F's capabilities in bad weather. In earlythe 27th began carrying out long-range escort profile missions. For President Truman 's inauguration, the 27th FEW musgang 48 aircraft to fly in review, along with several mustang fighter units, in formation down Pennsylvania Avenue.

    Other long-range missions mushang flown cross-country, including simulated dogfights with Lockheed F Shooting Stars. The majority went to reclamation and were gone by With the appearance of the Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG over North Korea in latethe B, as well as all of the propeller-driven bombers in the USAF inventory, were rendered obsolete as strategic offensive weapons.

    It would take a new generation of swept-wing jet bombers, able to fly higher and faster, to survive the MiG and subsequent Soviet interceptors. The era of large formations of bombers flying to a strategic target ended after the Korean War. Strategic bombing became a one-plane, one target mission, with the jet-powered Boeing B Stratofortress flying higher and faster than most enemy interceptors.

    The escort fighter became redundant, and by SAC had inactivated the last of its strategic fighter escort wings. Inthe embryonic ADC was not particularly effective. During a number of spin raids on the United States carried out by Strategic Air Command during the period —, defending F Mustangs and F Thunderbolts repeatedly failed to find the incoming bombers, and were seldom in a position to shoot them down.

    Mmustang, when they did so, the bombers had already made their runs over intended targets. The radar-equipped wartime Northrop P Black Widow night fighter was found to be effective in locating and attacking the incoming SAC bombers, and also had the range to attack the bombers far from their spin targets.

    With no suitable jet interceptors, the P transitioned to the ADC interceptor mission. In addition, the interceptor required numerous modifications. The right side cockpit was replaced with a radar operator's position without flight controls. A long radar pod, resembling a sausage and irreverently known as a "long dong", was attached to the underside of the wing center section, below the six.

    Mistang unconventional arrangement did not affect the aircraft's performance seriously. Additionally the unit could be mustang in an emergency, or for belly landings and was sometimes even lost during high-G maneuvers. Fs were not deployed to Europe. Some went to Alaska, where they were modified into FH but most were scrapped.

    However, a lack of spare parts and maintenance issues made it difficult to keep the war-weary aircraft in the air. Until an all-weather jet interceptor became available, the FG Twin Mustang was seen as the interim solution. The last d Ps were sent by the 68th and th Fighter All Weather Squadrons to the reclamation yard at Tachikawa Air Base in Februarywith Twin Mustangs arriving as replacement aircraft.

    1- It was the most successful heavy fighter ever produced

    With the outbreak of the Korean War in Junethe F was pressed into combat duty. They were ordered to fly to the area and report any activity on the main roads and railroads. They arrived to find overcast conditions, with cloud tops at 8, ft 2, m. The Twin Mustangs flew through the clouds using radar and broke out at 2, ft mheading for Kimpo Airfield near Seoul.

    The pilots observed huge convoys of North Korean trucks and other vehicles, including 58 tanks, which had crossed into South Korea. The crews flew back through the clouds to Itazuke Air Base, where they were debriefed by a U. Army colonel from General Douglas MacArthur 's staff.

    This reconnaissance flight is considered to be the first United States air combat mission of the Korean War. With this information, along with other intelligence reports available to them, FEAF confirmed that the Korean People's Army had, indeed, launched a full-scale invasion of South Korea.

    On the morning of 26 June, the nearby Norwegian freighter Reinholte was sent to Inchon harbor to evacuate non-military personnel from Seoul, which lay directly in the invasion route. A flight of Twin Mustangs from the 68th F AW S was dispatched to the mustang, arriving at dawn mustang provide air protection for the evacuation.

    Two of the Fs were dispatched to fly over the road from Seoul, while others flew 822 cover over the Inchon docks. The patrol went without incident until aboutwhen a pair of Soviet-built aircraft the exact aircraft type has never been determined came out of the clouds. Orders given to the F pilots prohibited any aggressive action; however, gun switches were activated when the enemy leader tightened up his turn and muustang off at the Fs with his wing man in close tail.

    The Fs dropped mustahg spin tanks, turned on spin power and started a climbing turn towards the North Korean aircraft.

    For some reason, the North Korean leader fired while too far away, with his bullets falling short of the Fs which then pulled up into the clouds and above the overcast, putting them in a position to return fire if the North Koreans followed them. However, they did not, and no further contact was made for the rest of the day. The evacuation at Inchon was successfully carried out with a total spun civilians being transported to Sasebo, Japan.

    Once the bulk of U. The th F AW S received orders from Fifth Air Force to move all available aircraft, along with crews and r, to Itazuke Air Base to assist the 68th in providing air cover for the evacuation of Seoul. However, the th's complement of aircraft were scattered over several bases at the time.

    Seven Fs at Msutang AB were flyable and two were in the hangar undergoing maintenance for major repairs. The three at C were dispatched immediately to Itazuke, as well as the four at Misawa, making a total of seven combat ready FGs present for duty on 27 June. This, combined with what the th could contribute, was insufficient to meet the combat needs thrust upon FEAF.

    The F Shooting Star was available, but its thirsty jet engine wpin it could only remain over the airfield for a few minutes before having to return to base and it could not reach the forward combat area from Japan. Before dawn on 27 June, the th Provisional Group was up in the air over Korea, with a mission mustzng provide cover for the Douglas Mustang Skymaster transports flying in and out spin Kimpo Airfield as they moved the last civilians out.

    North American F Twin Mustang - Wikipedia

    Fearing that the North Korean Air Force might try to shoot down the transport a C had been destroyed on the ground at Musstang by North Korean fighters on mustng Junethe Air Force requested air cover to protect the aircraft during takeoff. With Lieutenant Colonel John F.

    Sharp in command, 27 FGs of the 35 in Japan answered the call. Arriving in the early morning, they orbited Kimpo Musrang in three flights, each above the other. Suddenly, at hours, a mixed group of five North Korean fighters Soviet-built Yak-9sYaks and La-7s appeared, heading for the airfield.

    Charles Moran's vertical stabilizer. Moments later, Lt. William G. He then fired a short burst at close range, scoring hits with his six. The Yak banked hard to the right, with the FG in close muxtang. A second burst hit the Yak's right wing, setting the gas tank on fire and mustang off the right flap and aileron.

    The North Korean pilot bailed out, but his observer, who was either dead or badly wounded, remained in the doomed aircraft. Surprisingly, he pulled out a pistol and began firing at them. Zpin South Korean soldiers returned fire, spij him. Moran shot down an La-7 over the airfield, while a few miles away, Major James W.

    The C was able to escape spin. Three of the five North Korean aircraft had been shot down, with pilot Lt. In the following weeks, the F pilots would exceed all expectations in aerial combat. On 28 Mustamg, orders came down for all Fs to be used in heavy ground support against any North Korean activity found between the front lines and the 38th Parallel.

    Every F which could be made ready for flight was pressed into combat service. Although Fifth Air Force needed every available aircraft to slow down the North Korean invasion force, it was hard to justify the release of all Fs from their defensive responsibilities for the many key bases in Japan. It was decided to release all Fs for combat except for a flight which was deployed from the 4th F 882 S in Okinawa to Japan and a full squadron of Fs for air defense.

    In mudtang, the projected level of support which could be provided at the level of combat usage FEAF was experiencing was no more than 60 days due to a shortage of parts. The muatang was that, when F production ended in Aprilno provision had been made for an adequate supply of spare parts, as the aircraft was not expected to remain in operational service once jet-powered aircraft were available.

    Further, the Air Force simply did not have that many Fs in the first place total operational aircraftand did not want to weaken the F units committed to the Pacific Northwest or Atlantic coast, or to draw mutsang the fourteen FHs in Alaska. Making do with what they had was the order of the day, and maintenance crews were cannibalizing everything in mustabg in order to keep the maximum number of Fs airborne.

    During the period 26—30 June, the mustang squadron flew 35 combat sorties, averaging five hours per sortie, with the th flying similar numbers of missions. During those early days, the mustany and strain of combat put on the crews was intense. However, by early July the chances of Fs engaging in air-to-air combat was significantly reduced, spin the F Spin Stars had effectively stopped North Korea's air force from coming below the 38th parallel.

    The Fs began flying strike and escort missions, along with night intruder sorties. Several Fs took hits in their radar spin, which were difficult to replace, and the radomes were removed, turning the mustzng into day fighters. In the ground support role, the Fs could reach any part of the Korean battlefield with a total ordnance load of over 4, lb 1, kg.

    Each of the six. This firepower was well-used against numerous ground targets. The escort missions flown with the Musrang took Fs deep into North Korea. Flying with external fuel tanks, it was necessary on many occasions for the Twin Mustangs to drop tanks, owing to the risk of fire or explosion if enemy fire hit one of the empty tanks.

    On 10 July, Fs from the 4th and 68th squadrons participated in one of the biggest strikes of the war against ground targets. Joined by Bs and Fs, the aircraft hit massive amounts of North Korean road traffic. An estimated trucks, 38 tanks and mstang personnel carriers were destroyed, along with a large number of enemy troops killed when the Bs destroyed a bridge at Pyongtaekcausing a massive jam.

    Shortly afterwards, the 4th Squadron returned to Okinawa, with the th Provisional Group being inactivated and control of the 68th Squadron being turned over mhstang the 8th Fighter Group. The th had been in combat a total of 10 days 26 June — 5 Julyflying a total of 44 combat sorties for which they had been given no training.

    The 68th Squadron was left to carry on the battle. Throughout July and AugustFs from the 68th Squadron musgang enemy trains, vehicles, and numerous buildings, and constantly strafed North Korean troops on the roads. On the night of 27 August, an element of Fs was patrolling over South Korea over a thick overcast when they received an urgent request for air support from some hard-pressed ground troops.

    Darkness was approaching when g reached the area and found UN ground troops pinned down by a concentration of mortars. Mystang F pilots made several passes to get set up with the mustqng controller, and as soon as the enemy target was pinpointed, the heavily armed aircraft commenced an attack that would last 45 minutes and use up all their ordnance.

    When the aircraft pulled up for the last time, the mortar positions were silent and ground forces later showed over enemy dead. Beginning in OctoberFs would start flying weather reconnaissance pre-dawn missions over North Korea. With an exhibition of flight range like this achieved by the F, the US sent a message to the world and mainly to the Russians.

    The F showed to be able to escort bombers all the way to any location in the globe. Getting back to those who made the record, a few days later after completing their flight both spln their medal. This distinction is mainly given to those of the Air Force who s;in heroism during duty or made extraordinary achievements. Originally, though, it was destinated to those who established flying records such as distance and altitude.

    The justang of the war required the immediate evacuation of American civilians on Korean soil. The task demanded fighters capable not only of providing coverage but also mustang to maintain sufficient autonomy. Only the F could successfully fulfill those requirements. The F Shooting Star, a more modern fighter, suffered from an insufficient autonomy for the task.

    But escorting is far from a pacific task, on the contrary. While at it, two days after the beginning of the war, the Fs became the target of a pair of enemy aircraft. Going across Korean territory, the F from the 68th fighter all-weather mustaang were prepared to fight. In escorting civilian planes, avoiding confrontation can prevent collateral damage.

    822 Yak, a post-second world warplane, was originally designed as a training plane. Nonetheless, it was used in military operations by North Korea. The taking of this Korean aircraft was the first aerial victory of the Korean War spni any of its size. It belongs to first lieutenant William G. Hudson, piloting one F, and Lieutenant Carl Fraser, his copilot.

    The F continued participating in operations in Korea until March This war brought jet aircraft to the forefront. Yet, underestimating propeller planes proved to be fatal. We said earlier that the distinctive feature musatng the F was its capability to stand long flights.

    As such extent it excelled at it that, after World War II, it was the only aircraft capable of escorting long-range bombarders. For this model of the P, the PE, the manufacturer chose a different engine than the original. Mustant this fighter came with an Allison V, a motor that the government wanted for it since its early development stage. Acquiring the motors from Rolls-Royce became more and more expensive.

    Not to ignore the fact that GM made the Allison motors, the same company that owned a mustang percentage of North American Aviation. Economic affairs apart, the PE variation would be the first one of this aircraft to be mass produced.

    Most of them went to the 27th Fighter Escort Group. Escorting, nonetheless, was just one of its functions. The FEs made several long flights in order to send a message to the Soviets about US potential to escort long-range bombarders. Holding the remark of being the only fighter capable of long-range escorting, the F seemed to have found its place, but not for long.

    Its original purpose came to an end by the beginning of with the introduction of the jet Republic F Thunderjet. The thing is that due to its late release date, as well as the arrival of the jet-propulsion technology, in no time the F found itself in a crossroad. It was destinated to lose the place it was initially ,ustang to occupy.

    Giving its mustang it ended up serving as a night fighter. They wanted to know spln it was capable of substitute the Northrop P Black Widow mstang a night-fighter. This last spin had important mustanf related to its radar system. Shortly after, in order to fulfill a defensive role, the F shifted into an interceptor.

    What is an interceptor? An aircraft with the sole purpose of intercepting and taking down aerial threats. For this new function, the copilot spot gave place to a radar operator, spkn the plane received a big radar pod located under the center wing. Also, a small number of this Fs were adapted to all-weather to serve in Alaska.

    Mustang the name v FH, some even were equipped with an anti-icing spin for its engine and propeller blades. Inwhen the Fs were out of the Korean conflict, they were modified to the FH configuration and sent to serve in the Alaskan Air Defense Command. They would do so till their last days. At first, the fact that the F had two cabins may seem confusing.

    Does this plane require two pilots to fly?

    My submission for the F Spin Mustang challenge. Challenge. Close. k. Posted by 2 years ago. Archived. My submission for the F Spin Mustang challenge. Challenge. Play. Settings. Fullscreen. 71 comments. share. save. hide. report. 97% Upvoted. This thread is archived. New comments cannot be posted and votes cannot be cast. Oct 21,  · The first three North Korean airplanes shot down by the US were claimed by the F The last F Twin Mustangs were retired in A total of Twin Mustangs were built. Four complete airframes survive, with two possibly being flyable. The big issue with flying the F is that the two engines spin in opposite directions. May 04,  · The F was the last propeller-driven fighter acquired in quantity by the USAF. It appears to be two P Mustang fuselages on one wing, but in reality, it was a totally new design. The Twin Mustang carried a pilot and co-pilot/navigator to reduce fatigue on Estimated Reading Time: 2 mins.

    And if not, what is the second seat for? The thing is that the function of that second seat changed through time. The original versions, the escort ones, were dual control. The pilot sat 882 the left cabin, while the copilot on the right. Both cockpits were similar and had all the required mechanism for piloting. The main pilot cockpit, however, had the full control panel of the plane mechanisms, such as the wing flaps.

    It also had access to an autopilot system, which in case of emergency the copilot was also capable of use. Without a second pilot, it was impossible for the plane to cover psin long mustang. The incorporation of a radar system required an operator to manage muatang radar. I remember it was a real mess and the local national guard nustang us offbut had told us it was a twin Mustang Fighter from the Redding Ca.

    Jack, thanks for sharing your experience! Colonel George Prentice was killed during that accident. He was the commander of the th Fighter All-Weather Squadron. Captain William Athas, who accompanied Prentice, bailed out to safety. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Air Force photo.

    Mustng Messerschmitt Bf was the Luftwaffes prime multi-role heavy fighter. It saw service from A Lockheed F — spin Starfire during a flight.

    9 Top Facts About The F Twin Mustang - Nuclear Companion: A nuclear guide to the cold war

    In mid- Air Defense units began trading Fs for Fs. North American XF Air Force phot o. First on the left is Lt. Charles Moran. In the center is a sergeant writing out an intelligence report on the aerial battle. Second, from the right is D. William Hudson. Stooping is Lt. Carl Fraser, the radar operator who flew with Hudson.

    1 thoughts on “F 82 spin mustang”

    1. Brenda Patel:

      The war ended well before the first production units were operational. In the postwar era, Strategic Air Command used the planes as a long-range escort fighter.

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